Friday, June 22, 2018

Puzzling Dutch Fork Graves

Graves are strung out approximately 50 yards along the south bank of Hollings Head (or Holly Head) Creek where it enters the Broad River almost exactly opposite Richtex Brick which bear the date 1749 located on the land of Carl Derrick.

George H____  1749
Job H_____ 1749
Dorothy H_____ 1749
"In loving memory of Elizabeth M_____. The daughter of Joseph Kennerly and wife Leah. She was born March the 21, 1820 and died June 30, 1820, aged three months and nine days."
(another inscription on the stone beside it is same except substitute "Margaret" for "Elizabeth")

Some local people speculate that the people were either settlers moving upriver from Grandby Landing in search of farmland and were massacred by Indians, or had already settled in the immediate area and were wiped out by a sudden and violent epidemic.

According to David D Wallace's History of South Carolina, the early German settlers of the Dutch Fork and Lexington region (Saxe Gotha Township) were the first line of defense (for Charleston) and were thrown directly across the path of marauding Indians from as far north as central New York.

Source: The State Magazine, August 6, 1950 pg 12

Thursday, June 21, 2018

Royal Grants in Saxe Gotha

By Lot Number

1. John Hubert Spear & Jacob Spear (Spuchel)
2. Jacob Hacaboe (Haughabuch, Hucabee)
3. Weldrich Bootman
4. John Coleman (Johannes Gallman)
5. Not listed
6. Henry Weiber (Hans Heinrich Weber)
7. Jacob Theiler (Hans Theiler)
8. John Theiler (Hans Theiler)
9. Henry Bouine (probably Heinrich Bohne, Henry Boney)
10. Hans Buss (John Boose)
11. Martin Friday (Fridig, Fritig)
12. Roody Cooplet (Randolpff Capeler)
13. John Jacob Rodey (Hans Jacob Rodi, Roddy)
14. Herman Christopher Perdrink (Dertrinken, Dortringene)
15. John Sodriker (possible Sandifer)
16. Jenry Lockly (Heinrich Gloeckle, Henry Kleckley)
19. Hans Jacob Annis
20. Samuel Chubb (Tchupp, Schupp)
21. John Weldrick Miller (later granted to Casper Faust)
22. Not listed
23. John Matthews (johannes Mattersz, John Matthias)
24 - 26 Not listed
27. Barbara Appheal
28. Nagdalen Appheal
29. Jacob Burckhardt (Burkhart)
30. Not listed
31. Stephen Crell
32. Joseph Crell
33. Thomas Berry (named Crell grants
34-41 not listed
42. Hannah Maria Stole (Stoles, Stoke, Stoele, Stole)
43-52 not listed
53. Ulrich Busser (Booser)
54. John Galliser (possible Eleazer)
55-60 not listed
61. Hans Jacob Gyger (Geiger)
62. Herman Gyger (Geiger)
63. not listed
64. John Shillig (Shelley)
65-70 not listed
71. William Baker (Wilhelm Bacher)
72. John Liver (Hans Liffer, Johannes Liever, John Lever)
73. not listed
74. Jacob Reimensperger
75-80 not listed
81. John Ulrich Shillig
82. Caspar Fry (Frey)
83. Charles Hanslear (Karl Kinsler later to Abraham Gyger)
84. Casper Hanslear (Kinsler)
85-90 not listed
91. Richard Myrick
92-97 not listed
98 John Granget
99. Frederick Arnold
100. Anthony Ernest





Friday, April 20, 2018

Leesville Church Street Historic District

Church-Street-Historic-District
Riser Drafts House constructed ca 1900

Church-Street-Historic-District
Gist-Duncan House constructed ca 1905

Church-Street-Historic-District
Ezekial Etheridge House constructed ca 1895 Queen Anne style

Church-Street-Historic-District
Leesville United Methodist Church constructed 1909 Gothic Revival style

Church-Street-Historic-District
Bodie-Crawford House constructed ca 1870 Italianate style

Church-Street-Historic-District
James C Bodie House constructed ca 1865

Source: SC Dept. Archives & History

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Congaree Creek Earthworks


The Confederate Army's plan was to dig earthworks, or trenches, all around Columbia to protect the Capital City from the General William T. Sherman's Union advance.
The job didn't get done in February of 1865. What's left of the few earthworks that did get built in defense of Columbia are still standing today.

                                 Photo of City of Cayce - SC, SC, United States. Historical Marker front

Historical marker placed along the Timmerman Trail in 2015. It is about a 1/2 mile walk from the parking area.

These earthworks were constructed in early 1865 and were the site of brisk fighting between the Union XV Corps and Confederate forces on Feb. 15, 1865. Approximately 750 enslaved and free African Americans who were impressed into Confederate service were responsible for building much of the defensive line, which ran from Congaree Creek to the Saluda Factory four miles north

(continued on the other side)
The Confederate Congress approved legislation authorized impressment of black laborers in March 1863 because slaveholders were reluctant to provide slaves for service. Still, labor shortages persisted. Maj. John R. Niernsee, S.C. Militia Chief Engineer, complained that he had to begin work at Congaree Creek with only 12 black workers and his request for 2,000 laborers was never met.


Study pinpoints peak of Civil War Battle of Congaree Creek

By JOEY HOLLEMAN -  The State - October 15, 2014

One of the most intact Civil War battle sites in the country is a rifle shot from I-77 in Lexington County, where Congaree Creek crosses Old State Road.

Now, nearly 150 years after that battle, a new archaeological study pinpoints the most active battle line, just a hundred yards or so from the new Timmerman Trail in Cayce. That tete-de-pont is where Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman’s troops coming up from Savannah ran into opposition from Confederate troops hoping to slow the march to Columbia.

Archaeologist Eric Poplin of Brockington Cultural Resources Consulting presented preliminary findings from the study at events Wednesday at the S.C. Confederate Relic Room & Military Museum and at Cayce City Hall. The information will anchor the late 1800s segment of a planned park celebrating the 12,000 years of human history in the area where Congaree Creek meets the Congaree River.

Poplin believes there’s plenty more to discover about the Feb. 14-15 Battle of Congaree Creek.
“The more we do, the more we want to learn about this battle,” Poplin said.

Poplin’s report builds on two archaeological digs, one in 2012 as the first stage of the Timmerman Trail was being planned and the second in 2014. The work is supported by a grant from the National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program.

By chance, the battlefield is relatively intact in an undeveloped forest tucked between I-77, the Congaree River, the Riverland Park subdivision and the new Cayce Tennis and Fitness Center. Most of the property is owned by SCANA and has been used to grow timber in recent years. The S.C. Department of Natural Resources owns a portion of the battle site in what is now Congaree Creek Heritage Preserve and once was the Guignard Clay Quarry. Cayce owns a portion of the land, which is plans to utilize for the history park.

Mike Dawson, director of the River Alliance, which has pushed the history park concept, is excited by the details uncovered by the new study.
“Every time we learn something new, we kind of stick it on the wall and say, where can we go with that thread,” Dawson said.

Considering the number of Civil War history buffs, the 1865 battle likely will be one of the biggest draws for the new park.

The Union soldiers first engaged the Confederate troops at 7:30 a.m. Feb. 15, 1865 in an area south of current I-77. They pushed back the Confederates to the south side of Congaree Creek. Based on period maps, the creek’s twisty path has changed little. That portion of Old State Road remains dirt.

The modern-day bridge is likely in the same spot as the one protected by the Confederates.
The heaviest fighting came later in the morning, on the south side of the creek. When the Confederates were pushed back to the north side of the creek, they tried to burn the bridge. But it was soaked from heavy rain and flooding, Poplin said. So their only choice was to stand and fight behind the earthen berm – created by slaves in preparation for the standoff – on the north side of the creek. That earthwork is still mostly intact, easily seen from the Timmerman Trail. (Don’t think about digging for artifacts. It’s illegal, this is private property and there’s likely nothing to find in the earthworks because amateur and professional historians have scoured the earthworks for nearly 150 years.)

By early afternoon, the Union forces had flanked the Confederates, felling trees to get over the swollen creek near the river on one side and near what is now the Lexington Medical Center Otarre Point complex on the other side. The Confederates retreated up State Road again for the night.
Poplin’s team cleared long corridors between the lines of pine trees and used metal detectors to find 79 artifacts. They were almost all fired bullets and artillery shell fragments, typical of a battle site. At encampment sites, archaeologists usually find unfired bullets and other items such as buttons and belt buckles.

Piecing together multiple official and unofficial battle reports with a historical map drawn of the battle site, it’s clear the largest bunching of bullets is where the battle peaked, Poplin said.

Based on battle reports, the engagement at Congaree Creek left seven Union troops dead and around 30 injured. A Confederate report listed 33 soldiers killed and 75 wounded in the region on Feb. 15, but some of those could have been casualties when another branch of Sherman’s forces approached Columbia from the Red Bank area.

After the Battle of Congaree Creek, the best option for slowing the advance on Columbia was burning bridges over the rivers. Sherman’s troops used makeshift pontoon bridges to reach Columbia on Feb. 17.

Eventually, signs along the Timmerman Trail will explain much of the Battle of Congaree Creek. Those curious about that period in the state’s history can learn more about Sherman’s march from Savannah, the surrender of Columbia, the burning of much of the city and the continuation of the march into North Carolina at a new exhibit opening Nov. 21 at the Confederate Relic Room.

Saturday, January 4, 2014

Dr. Ernest L. Hazelius

 

image

Hazelius, Ernest L., D. D., a Lutheran professor, was born at Neusalz, province of Silesia, Prussia, Sept. 6, 1877. He was educated at his native place, Kleinwelke, and Barby, studying theology at Neisky in a Moravian institution, and was licensed to preach by the authorities of that Church. In 1800 he was appointed teacher of the classics in the Moravian Seminary at Nazareth, Pa., where he remained eight years, having during that period been appointed head teacher and professor of theology in the theological department. Joining the Lutheran Church, he taught, in 1809, a private classical school, and then became pastor of the united congregations of New Germantown, German Valley, and Spruce Run; also conducting a classical school at New Germantown. In 1815 the Hartwick Seminary went into operation, and he was appointed professor of Christian theology and principal of the classical department. For fifteen years he served this institution, acting also as pastor of the village church. In 1830 he became professor of Oriental and Biblical literature and German language in  the Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, but resigned in 1833 to take charge of the Theological Seminary of the synod of South Carolina, holding that position from Jan. 1, 1834, until his death, Feb. 20, 1853. Among his established writings are, Life of Luther: –Life of Stilling:—Augsburg Confessions, with Annotations:—Materials for Catechization on Passages of Scripture:—History of the Lutheran Church in America. For some time he was editory of the Evangelical Magazine, published at Gettysburg. He was a most accurate classical scholar and a very successful teacher. See Pennsylvania College Book, 1882, p. 157.

CYCLOPAEDIA OF BIBLICAL, THEOLOGICAL, AND ECCLESIASTICAL LITERATURE
By THE REV. JOHN M'CLINTOCK, D.D AND JAMES STRONG, S.T.D.

Source: Google Books.com